Tools For Thought

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MIT 출판사에서 종이로 출판되기도 했고, 온라인으로 전문(하지만 이전 판)을 읽을 수 있다.

인간의 사고를 위한 도구 중에서 특별히 컴퓨터를 중심의 역사를 훑어가는 "아주 재미있는", HowardRheingold의 베스트셀러. 컴퓨터 전문가나, 컴퓨터 생초보나 모두 읽어볼만 하다.

특히 9장과 14장은 각각 DougEngelbartTedNelson라는 하이퍼텍스트 및 WWW의 아버지들에 대한 이야기로 인터넷의 과거, 미래를 보고 싶은 사람들에게 강추.


Chapter One: The Computer Revolution Hasn't Happened Yet
Chapter Two: The First Programmer Was a Lady
Chapter Three: The First Hacker and his Imaginary Machine
Chapter Four: Johnny Builds Bombs and Johnny Builds Brains
Chapter Five: Ex-Prodigies and Antiaircraft Guns
Chapter Six: Inside Information
Chapter Seven: Machines to Think With
Chapter Eight: Witness to History: The Mascot of Project Mac
Chapter Nine: The Loneliness of a Long-Distance Thinker
Chapter Ten: The New Old Boys from the ARPAnet
Chapter Eleven: The Birth of the Fantasy Amplifier
Chapter Twelve: Brenda and the Future Squad
Chapter Thirteen: Knowledge Engineers and Epistemological Entrepreneurs
Chapter Fourteen: Xanadu, Network Culture, and Beyond

"Tools for Thought is an exercise in retrospective futurism; that is, I wrote it in the early 1980s, attempting to look at what the mid 1990s would be like. My odyssey started when I discovered Xerox PARC and Doug Engelbart and realized that all the journalists who had descended upon Silicon Valley were missing the real story. Yes, the tales of teenagers inventing new industries in their garages were good stories. But the idea of the personal computer did not spring full-blown from the mind of Steve Jobs. Indeed, the idea that people could use computers to amplify thought and communication, as tools for intellectual work and social activity, was not an invention of the mainstream computer industry nor orthodox computer science, nor even homebrew computerists. If it wasn't for people like J.C.R. Licklider, Doug Engelbart, Bob Taylor, Alan Kay, it wouldn't have happened. But their work was rooted in older, equally eccentric, equally visionary, work, so I went back to piece together how Boole and Babbage and Turing and von Neumann -- especially von Neumann - created the foundations that the later toolbuilders stood upon to create the future we live in today. You can't understand where mind-amplifying technology is going unless you understand where it came from."

Progress on the Frontiers: Technology and Progress

Dr. DougEngelbart, founder of the Bootstrap Institute and inventor of the mouse, and Dr. Alan Kay, inventor of the concept of Graphical User Interface (GUI) for personal computers, discuss the impact of information technology on the ways in which we organize work, educate children, and promote progress.

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